Climate change and global health : a Latin American perspective
Aparicio Effen, Marilyn
Quintao, Ana Flávia
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Latin America (LA) is a very heterogeneous region, with 41 countries covering 20,393,600 km2. The total population in 2011 was about 600 million; about 93% of whom had access to safe water supplies and 79% were provided with some type of waste disposal facilities (Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), 2011). It is considered the most urbanized region in the world; almost 80% of its population lives in cities; 14% of whom live in megacities (UN Habitat, 2012).